Friday, May 9, 2014

William Cook’s Brothers In Halton and Peoria: Elijah and Alfred

William Cook
I have written before that William Cook, my great great grandfather who homesteaded in Saskatchewan, came to Canada from England with his brother Elijah. I noted that I had found the brothers and their families in Halton, Ontario in the late 1880’s and early 1890’s. I also reported that I could find no trace of Elijah, his wife Charlotte (nee Bemrose) and their son William after that. Well, things have changed.

Due to a process of one piece of information leading to another, I have made some significant discoveries about William’s siblings. I had started looking into William and his family again due to the popularity of my blogposts about him, and because I wanted to provide more to my readers who want to know about the Cooks. (The responses I get from readers influence what I write about to a great extent). I discovered that another brother, Alfred Cook, also came to Canada with William and Elijah. (All of their father’s sons were therefore immigrants to North America). I was able to find Alfred living in Peoria, Illinois, starting in about 1896, and this led to my finding Elijah living there as well, and to discovering that Elijah also had a daughter.

Elijah Cook was born in 1858, the sixth of nine children, in Timberland, Lincolnshire, England, to William Cook Senior his wife Ann Squires. He married Charlotte Hannah Bemrose in Clee, Lincolnshire in 1883. Their son, William Alfred Cook, was born on March 27, 1885 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire. Elijah and his brothers William and Alfred came to Ontario, Canada in about 1888, very likely together. In the case of William and Elijah, their wives and children came separately at later dates. Elijah and Charlotte had a second child, Mary Ellen Priscilla Cook, on June 24, 1891 in Halton, Ontario. This birth is last record I have of Charlotte, and due to the records I have for the rest of the family, I suspect that she died in less than a decade after, and possibly in childbirth. The 1891 Canadian census shows Elijah living in Halton and working in a “brick yard”. He appears next in Peoria, Illinois, in the city directory, in 1895, as a “brick burner” for the “Peoria Brick” Company. Elijah and his brother Alfred then both appear in the 1896 Peoria City Directory, both working for the Peoria Brick Company, Elijah as a “foreman”, and Alfred as a “machine man”. It appears then, that Elijah may have come to Peoria first, to be followed by Alfred within the year.

Elijah appears in the Peoria city directory for the last time in 1900, and does not appear in the U.S. census for that year. His nine-year-old daughter Mary Ellen is found boarding with a family without her parents in Peoria in 1900. (There is a William Cook also boarding there, but he seems to be too old to be her brother William, but could be him with an incorrect age and place of birth). Because of this, and because the 1900 Peoria city directory is the last trace I have of Elijah, I believe he may have died in early 1900. His son William appears in the Peoria city directory from 1902 to 1906. In 1902 and 1903 he is working at the Kingman Plough Company, where his uncle Alfred is also working. Suddenly we next find William getting married in Monterey, California on May 27, 1906 to Angela Maria Serrano. They appear to have had only one son, William P. Cook, born August 23, 1909. William Alfred continued to live in the Monterey area for the rest of his life, mostly as a farmer, until his death on March 29, 1974 in San Francisco. As for his sister, Mary Ellen Priscilla, the next and only other record I have for her shows her marrying Ralph Alvan Wheeler in Monterey on May 18, 1918.  He dies November 4th of the same year.

William and Elijah’s brother Alfred was born about 1860 in Timberland, Lincolnshire. He was baptized August 5, 1860 at St. Andrew’s Church. He married Margaret Lancelotte in 1885 in Salford, Lancashire. Their first child, Frances Ancel Cook, was born in Pendlebury, Lancashire on August 31, 1885. Their son, and the only other child of theirs we know of to be born in England, William Jack, was born in Timberland on February 9, 1887. Their children born in Canada were Martha E. (born September 20, 1888) and Florence Mary, born about 1892. George Alfred Cook was born March 13, 1894 in Kirkville, New York, and Margaret was born in May 1896 in Peoria. Aflred and Margaret therefore had children born in three different countries. Alfred worked in a variety of occupations during his life, but in North America he primarily was a labourer in brick yards early on, and then a labourer for the Kingman Plough Company in Peoria for most of the rest of his life. It appears that Alfred was the only one of the brothers to return to England to visit, and it appears that he did this twice. His daughter Martha, although born in Canada in 1888, was baptized in Timberland at the age of five on August 20, 1894. This was two years before his father’s death. Alfred and Margaret also travelled to England on in 1909, as there is a record of them returning home to the United States on the Maurtenia on August 20, 1909. He lists his occupation as “blacksmith”, likely due to his having been an ironworks worker in 1881 in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire with his brother Elijah. Alfred died on July 29, 1926 in Peoria, where he had always lived after 1895. His wife Margaret died on March 22, 1935, also in Peoria.

Their son, George Alfred Cook, had a son William Alfred Cook, who became a multi-billionaire, and one of the richest men in America. I hope to write about them next.

Sunday, May 4, 2014

An 1853 Account of Wrights and Merriams in Denmark, Lewis County, New York

1853 Denmark Document Page One
Courtesy of Bob Tate

1853 Denmark Document Page Two
Courtesy of Bob Tate

One of my readers, Bob Tate, was kind and generous enough to have sent me a document, written in 1853, describing the early days of the town of Denmark in Lewis County, New York, at the turn of the nineteenth century. I don’t think I have ever touched paper so old. I don’t know who the author is, but there are clues enough in the document to identify him if he is included in the area land records. One of the exciting aspects of the piece is that it mentions my four times great grandfather, Charles Wright, his children, and his brother Freedom. It also mentions my three times great grandfather, William Merriam.

I present here a transcription of the document, to which I have added punctuation: Thank you so much, Bob.

Came to Township No. 5 (now Denmark) on the first of May in the year 1802. Bought 125 acres of land on Great Lot 14 in said Township of Richard Harrison and Josiah Ogden Hoffman, by their attorney Abel French Esq. for 3.50 per acre. Found the following families on said township vis. Capt Charles Wright, his sons Charles, Ty, Stephen, Erastus, Chester, Matthew, and son-in-law William Merriam, also Joseph Blodget and his son Calvin, son in law Shadrach Case also Andrew Mills, Freeman Williams, Darias Sherwin also single men Reuben Robbins, Levi Robbins, David Goodenough, John Williams, Isaac Mungen, Joseph Rich and Beralal J. Rich and Abner Whiting except the Wrights. These were all that I knew of on the upper part of the township so-called at above the Big Hill. On the lower part of the township were Joseph Crary, Jesse Blodget, Freedom Wright, James Bagg, Charles Mosely, Simeon Dunham, Solomon Berewell and Peter Beroff, Lewis Graves Esq. and his brother David Graves and Phinchas Woolworth. Bought land on said township the same day that I did.

Single men on the lower part of the township were Abel French Esq., Douglas Wright,  Jabez Wright, William Clark and Daniel Clark. No houses but log and shanties. No building in Copenhagen but a saw mill and a log bridge across Deer River. No wagon had passed from Lowville to Copenhagen only a path under brush and a blind one to be found.

The Township No. 5 was the fifth Township from Lake Ontario. Names of Eleven Numbers as they are in May 1854 beginning at Sackett Harbor Lake Ontario
                                                                                No. 1 Houndsfield
                                                                                No. 2 Watertown
                                                                                No. 3 Rutland
                                                                                No. 4 Champion
                                                                                No. 5 Denmark
Situated on Lake Ontario                              No. 6 Henderson
                                                                                No. 7 Adams
                                                                                No. 8 Rodman
                                                                                No. 9 Pinckney
                                                                                No.10 Harrisburgh
                                                                                No.11 Lowville

No. 5 was divided at first by Deer River all that part was situated east of Deer River ws attached to the town of Lowville all of that part North of Deer River was attached to the Town of Champion and belonged to Oneida Count in the winter of 1802 and three townships No. 5, 9 and 10 were made into a Town and called Harrisburgh and remained so till 1807 then No. 5 was called Denmark. No. 9 was called Pinckney and No. 10 retained the name of Harrisburgh.